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刑事指控四位被告:华为技术、华为设备美...
 

刑事指控四位被告:华为技术、华为设备美国、天通和孟晚舟  

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editor
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28/01/2019 5:13 下午  

布鲁克林联邦法庭刑事指控四名被告:华为技术公司、华为设备美国公司、华为附属天通公司和华为首席财务官孟晚舟。


美国正式引渡孟晚舟 指控华为银行欺诈

文章来源: RF 于 2019-01-28 14:08:44 - 新闻取自各大新闻媒体,
 
美国东部时间1月28日下午四点三十分,代理总检察长惠特克,商务部长罗斯,国土安全部部长尼尔森以及联邦调查局局长雷在美国司法部举行联合新闻发布会,宣布正式要求引渡在加拿大处于保外的华为首席财务官孟晚舟。

美国方面指控华为涉嫌银行欺诈,盗窃美国公司手机检测技术,对美国联邦政府撒谎以及试图将证人转移回中国。

加拿大应美国要求,华为首席财务官孟晚舟去年12月1日在加拿大温哥华被警方逮捕。

美国署理司法部长惠特克(Matthew G. Whitaker)、商务部长罗斯(Wilbur Ross)及国土安全部长尼尔森(Kirstjen Nielsen )周一(28日)联合宣布,正式刑事起诉提出引渡华为及两间附属公司,以及华为副董事长孟晚舟,指他们涉嫌诈骗、妨碍司法公正及盗取T-Mobile美国分公司的商业机密等合共13项罪名。

罗斯强调,有关官司与中美贸易谈判完全没有关係。

惠特克表示,遭受司法部起诉的包括华为科技、两间华为子公司美国华为设备(Huawei Device USA)及香港公司Skycom。华为和Skycom被控诈骗银行及企图诈骗银行等罪名,而华为及美国华为设备则被控企图妨碍纽约东区法院大陪审团的调查。孟晚舟就面临诈骗银行、电汇诈骗(Wire Fraud)及企图干犯上述两项诈骗罪行。

美国官员补充,有关起诉是针对华为欺骗多间全球大型金融机构及美国政府,隐瞒该公司与伊朗的商业活动。

 


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editor
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28/01/2019 5:22 下午  

A 13-count indictment has been unsealed in federal court in Brooklyn criminally charging four defendants — Huawei Technologies, two Huawei affiliates -- Huawei Device USA and Skycom Tech -- and Huawei’s chief financial officer, Meng Wanzhou, top Justice Department and other administration officials announced Monday.

Huawei and Skycom are charged with bank fraud and conspiracy to commit bank fraud, wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud, among other charges. Huawei and Huawei USA are charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice related to a grand jury investigation in the Eastern District of New York. Meng is charged with bank fraud, wire fraud, and conspiracies to commit bank and wire fraud, Acting Attorney General Matt Whitaker said at a DOJ news conference.

The charges relate to an alleged long-running scheme by Huawei, its CFO and other employees to deceive numerous global financial institutions and the U.S. government regarding Huawei’s business activities in Iran, officials said.

"The charges unsealed today clearly allege that Huawei intentionally conspired to steal the intellectual property of an American company in an attempt to undermine the free and fair global marketplace," said FBI Director Christopher Wray. “To the detriment of American ingenuity, Huawei continually disregarded the laws of the United States in the hopes of gaining an unfair economic advantage."

The indictment does not allege criminal conduct by the Chinese government, Wray said.

Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou arrives at a parole office with a security guard in Vancouver, British Columbia, Dec. 12, 2018.
 
The Chinese telecom company Huawei has been at the center of U.S.-Chinese tension in recent months. In December 2018, Wanzhou was arrested in Canada. The arrest came at the request of the United States.

Meng’s arrest stems from a warrant issued in New York on Aug. 22 for alleged fraud offenses dealing with Skycom Tech and Huawei regarding dealings with Iran. She was arrested while traveling from Hong Kong to Mexico via Canada. She faces extradition to the United States.

She was released on bail shortly after her arrest, and remains on house arrest in Canada and has a court appearance on Feb. 6.

Officials said the indictment does not allege criminal conduct by the Chinese government, Wray said.

The company said it was not aware of any wrongdoing by Wanzhou, the daughter of the company's 74-year-old founder, Ren Zhengfei. Huawei also noted that it hadn't violated any U.S. sanctions. Wanzhou is awaiting extradition to the United States, and China demanded that the United States drop the request.

According to the indictment, in 2012 Huawei began a concerted effort to steal information on a T-Mobile phone-testing robot dubbed “Tappy.” In an effort to build their own robot to test phones before they were shipped to T-Mobile and other wireless carriers, the DOJ said in a news release, Huawei engineers violated confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with T-Mobile by secretly taking photos of “Tappy,” taking measurements of parts of the robot, and in one instance, stealing a piece of the robot so that the Huawei engineers in China could try to replicate it.

After T-Mobile discovered and interrupted these criminal activities, and then threatened to sue, Huawei produced a report falsely claiming that the theft was the work of rogue actors within the company and not a concerted effort by Huawei corporate entities in the United States and China, according to the DOJ release.

Officials said emails obtained in the course of the investigation reveal that a conspiracy to steal secrets from T-Mobile was a company-wide effort involving many engineers and employees within the two charged companies.

As part of its investigation, the DOJ release said, FBI obtained emails revealing that in July 2013, Huawei offered bonuses to employees based on the value of information they stole from other companies around the world, and provided to Huawei via an encrypted email address.

Monday's charges also come amid a U.S.-China dispute over tariffs, but the arrest of Wanzhou -- and now the charges -- raised the tension to a higher level.

Trump has also been locked in an escalating tariff war with China in recent months, though the U.S. put a pause on a Jan. 1 tariff increase as the two countries try to work out a new trade deal.

“If I think it’s good for what will be certainly the largest trade deal ever made — which is a very important thing — what’s good for national security — I would certainly intervene if I thought it was necessary,” Trump told Reuters in December.

At a Senate panel in December DOJ's top national security lawyer said the Justice Department isn't in the business of trade policy.

“We are not a tool of trade when we bring the cases,” Assistant Attorney General John Demers told a Senate panel.

“What we do at the Justice Department is law enforcement. We don’t do trade,” he added.

Her arrest infuriated the Chinese who in turn arrested two Canadians.

Chinese state media have accused the United States of "hooliganism."

“One thing that is undoubtedly true and proven is the U.S. is trying to do whatever it can to contain Huawei’s expansion in the world simply because the company is the point man for China’s competitive technology companies,” the editorial, reported by the Guardian, said.

Huawei became the largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer in the world in 2017 -- knocking Ericsson out of the top spot, according to a congressional report issued in November called the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review.

The U.S. defense bill, signed by Trump in August, prohibits the federal government from procuring or obtaining, as well as entering into, extending or renewing a contract with an entity that uses telecommunications equipment or services produced by Huawei.


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29/01/2019 1:54 下午  

美国司法部周一公开指控中国华为技术有限公司、公司首席财务管理孟晚舟以及两家分支机构涉嫌银行和电信欺诈,妨碍司法,窃取商业机密,并违反制裁伊朗的规定,多达23项刑事控罪。

美国代理司法部长马修•惠特克(Matthew G. Whitaker),联邦调查局局长克里斯托弗•雷(Christopher A. Wray)等官员在华盛顿特区主持新闻发布会。

发布会上透露,涉及华为的10项罪名在华盛顿州西雅图起诉,另外13项则在纽约布鲁克林起诉。美国当局正式向加拿大提出引渡孟晚舟的申请。

华为稍后发表声明否认全部指控,声称未发现孟晚舟有任何违法行为。华为声明称,华盛顿西区法院起诉书里关于商业机密的指控已改为民事诉讼,并已得到解决。但美方公布的起诉罪名均为刑事控罪。

惠特克在新闻发布会上说:“起诉书中提及的犯罪行为可以追溯到10年以前,涉及人员直通公司高层。”

提出13件指控

被告

  • 华为技术有限公司(简称华为)
  • 华为设备美国公司(Huawei Device USA Inc)
  • Skycom Tech
  • 孟晚舟

涉及罪名

  • 串谋银行欺诈
  • 串谋电信欺诈
  • 银行欺诈
  • 电信欺诈
  • 串谋诈骗美国
  • 串谋违反《国际紧急经济权利法》
  • 违反《国际紧急经济权利法》
  • 串谋洗钱
  • 串谋妨碍司法
     

美国华盛顿西区联邦地区法院提出10件指控

被告

  • 华为技术有限公司(简称华为)
  • 华为设备美国公司(Huawei Device USA Inc)

罪名

  • 串谋窃取商业机密
  • 企图窃取商业机密
  • 电信欺诈
  • 妨碍司法

位于西雅图的美国华盛顿西区联邦地区法院起诉的10项罪名针对华为和华为在美国的子公司。罪名包括串谋窃取商业机密、电信欺诈和妨碍司法。

根据该法院的起诉书,华为自2012年起开始密谋窃取美国通讯运营商T-Mobile的“Tappy”技术。该技术通过使用机器人模仿人的手指测试智能手机。

“为了造出他们自己的机器人,华为的工程师据信违反了与T-Mobile签订的保密协议,”惠特克说,“(他们)偷拍机器人的照片,测量它,甚至偷取其中一个部件。”

根据美国相关法律,串谋窃取商业机密及企图窃取商业机密的公司面临最高500万美元的罚款,或者被盗商业机密价值的三倍罚款。电信欺诈和妨碍司法罪将面临最高50万美元罚款。

在美国纽约东区联邦地区法院起诉的13项罪名则针对华为、华为在美国的子公司华为设备美国公司(Huawei Device USA Inc)、华为在香港的分支机构Skycom Tech,以及公司CFO孟晚舟。罪名主要为银行欺诈及电信欺诈,串谋诈骗美国,违反《国际紧急经济权利法》(IEEPA, International Emergency Economic Powers Act,即美国对伊朗的制裁令),串谋洗钱,以及串谋妨碍司法。

华为1月29日官方声明全文

华为已获悉针对公司的指控并感到失望。孟女士被捕后,公司寻求机会与司法部就纽约东区法院的调查进行沟通,但该请求被驳回且没有任何解释。华盛顿西区法院起诉书里关于商业机密的指控已改为民事诉讼。西雅图的陪审团并未发现指控提到的损害或蓄意的恶意行为,双方已经解决了该民事诉讼。公司否认其或其子公司或分支机构曾犯下起诉书中所述的任何违反美国法律的行为,公司并未发现孟女士有任何不当行为,公司还相信美国法院最终会得出同样的结论。

根据纽约东区法院的起诉书,华为员工自2007年起多次对美国政府歪曲华为与其分支机构Skycom Tech之间的联系。Skycom据称是华为在香港注册,用于处理伊朗事物的分支机构。起诉书称,华为员工向合作的银行机构谎称,华为已出售所持有的Skycom股份。事实上,华为将股份卖给了自己。

惠特克说,通过谎称Skycom是独立于华为之外的一家公司,华为对外断言它与伊朗的商业往来均遵从美国对伊朗的制裁规定。这些虚假陈述使得与华为有业务往来的银行在不知情的情况下违反了美国法律。其中一家银行在短短四年之内帮助Skycom完成价值100万美元的交易。

根据该起诉书,2017年,有一家银行出于对风险的考量,单方面决定终止与华为的全球金融业务。但华为告诉其它银行的版本是,华为选择终止与该银行的合作,因为其服务不到位,而非该银行单方面终止与华为的合作。据信华为这么做是为了维持和银行的关系。

起诉书还提到一个“妨碍司法”的细节:2017年,当华为及其分支机构意识到美国当局对他们的刑事调查,华为有意将了解其伊朗业务的证人转移到中国,超出美国当局的管辖范围,并隐藏或毁坏留在美国的相关证据。


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