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【习近平下台】京沪等多地爆发街头抗议 示威者批清零“饥荒政治”

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新疆乌鲁木齐一场大火,在过去两天于中国各地点燃了反“清零政策”的示威浪潮。几位26日深夜参与上海一场公开示威的民众告诉德国之声,多数示威群众的诉求,是要求北京下架“清零政策”。

在新疆乌鲁木齐大火导致至少十人丧命后,中国各地从乌鲁木齐丶北京丶广州丶南京丶成都丶重庆至上海等城市,周六(11月26日)都出现了示威行动。社交媒体上的视频显示,部分示威者以举白纸的方式要求政府结束封控,而在上海的乌鲁木齐中路,则是在周六深夜至周日(11月27日)凌晨出现逾百名示威者在现场高喊“共产党下台丶习近平下台”等激烈口号。

一位参与了在上海示威行动的民众Jason向德国之声表示,由于他的母校南京传媒学院周六也发生了一起由大量学生发起的示威行动,所以他晚间10点看到微博上有关于乌鲁木齐中路的悼念活动后,决定到现场参加集会。

他说:“这场活动原本的性质是默哀乌鲁木齐大火和沉默抗议,一开始现场是非常安静的。我晚间11点40分到场时,现场已经被警察封路,默哀的人群也被少量警察围住,警察在不断劝离人群,但没有采取暴力行动,不过周围的人群开始逐渐对警察不满。”

Jason指出,随着参与示威的人数越来越多,乌鲁木齐中路几乎被人潮堵住,现场情况也逐渐失控。他表示:“部分人仍然在保持沉默抗议,但大部分人开始高喊口号,最后发展到‘习近平下台’等口号。同时,人群中也有疑似警察便衣的人在恶意制造示威人群之间的矛盾,引起内讧。”

另一位同样到上海现场参与示威行动的Andy则向德国之声表示,他认为当时参与示威的民众,主要是想表达他们“不想封控,想要自由”的诉求,而他也认为这是一种态度的展现。他说:“我觉得最近的群体性事件,都只有一个诉求,那就是解封,回归正常生活。今天上海喊出的激进口号,应该是激情为之。变革这种事,我认为是极少数人的想法。以我的生活经验和对中国共产党的了解,这样的示威会很快被瓦解,不可能藉此达到解封的目的。”

根据社交媒体上流传以及德国之声获得的现场视频,数百人在上海街头高喊“共产党,下台”,以及重述“四通桥勇士”上个月在横幅上所写下的“不要核酸要自由”的口号。此外,现场也有群众高举白纸,高喊“新疆丶解封”来声援新疆人民遭受长达三个多月封城的处境。

Jason向德国之声透露,虽然昨晚在上海参与示威的民众多数是诉求中国政府取消疫情防控政策,但也有部分人是要表达对中国共产党的不满,或是单纯对乌鲁木齐大火的罹难者表示哀悼。他说:“大部分人都没有意识到这场示威的风险,有少部分意识到的人在凌晨2点-3点就已经提前离开了。”

他补充道:“昨晚的示威绝对会给政府带来非常大的威胁感,并且他们可能对上海以及整个中国实施更加严格的管控。但在中国,人民缺乏快速像Telegram这样能将他们组织起来的工具,因此现场群众的表达其实比较混乱,缺乏统一的口号。”

“这次感觉真的不一样”

除了到现场去参与示威的民众外,部分在上海或中国其他地区的民众,也对26日深夜的示威延续数小时感到意外。一位叫Emma的上海居民告诉德国之声,她没想到示威行动会发展成这麽大规模的抗议。她说:“喊出的口号,我以为这辈子都不会听见。我知道以后我就很后悔,我早点应该无论如何都赶去现场的。我一直以来在朋友当中都是很激进的形象,但这次却有点躲在背后的感觉。我很想参加,和大家一起,喊出我们想喊的口号,发出我们的声音,我不害怕。”

Emma表示,新疆大火其实是一直以来中国严苛清零政策中,众多次生灾害的其中一个例子。此前,在中国的贵州也发生载着要去隔离的人民的隔离巴士出现翻车意外,导致27人不幸丧命。她说:“一开始大家在网络上群情激愤的时候,我依然悲观的以为会和以前一样,怒骂一晚上第二天网络上一删除,找点别的什么事转移视线,很快大家就忘记了。”

Emma补充道:“但是没想到,这一次可能也是最近政策的反复真的让大家的心理都到了一个临界点,网络上的抗议一直不绝,当天晚上乌鲁木齐的人民走上街头,我是真的,很激动和感动。我自己是感觉,这次真的不一样了。就算是只有一个晚上,也是和之前有很大的不同。”

她对26日晚间在中国各地参与反“清零”示威行动的中国人感到敬佩,表示自己虽曾批评中国年轻人“懦弱”,但这次在中国“遍地开花”的示威行动,显示终于有中国年轻人愿意“勇敢站出来”。她向德国之声表示:“我自己一直和人说我们的权利要靠自己争取,现在这些示威活动就是我们争取权利的时候。可能中国人在这方便经验不丰富,没有明确的诉求,甚至可能不是很团结,但是我们终于也走出了这一步不是吗。自助者,天助之。如果之后还有机会,我也一定会加入的。”

“清零政策是饥荒政治”

不论是26日在上海参与了现场示威的中国民众,或是透过视频密切关注事态发展的中国公民,部分受访者向德国之声表示,他们认为中国政府过去两年多严格施行的“清零政策”,其实是一场大型的“服从性实验”。参与了上海示威的Jason向德国之声表示,中国政府坚持清零,实际上就是一种“饥荒政治”,因为这套政策对北京来说,是一种控制群众的手段。

另一位家人仍在上海的中国青年Eric则认为,虽然中国人民对疫情防控的容忍度远远超过西方民众,但习近平所坚持的“动态清零”已突破了人民忍耐的底线。他说:“试想一下,谁能接受四个月不准出门,没有食物,慢性病人没有药,产妇因为没核酸在医院门口大出血?活生生的生命被拉上半夜转运的巴士车毁人亡?”

他补充道:“这一幕幕悲剧都潜移默化的影响了中国人民对于动态清零的观感,最终导致了全国范围的反封控示威。我看见了白卫兵以防疫为名将市民的柯基活活打死,我看见了癌症病人无法得到化疗,尿毒症病人无法得到透析而死。这不是天灾而是人祸。”

Eric指出,虽然自己的家人并未在这场“人祸”中受到太大伤害,但他明白若这样的制度不被推翻,迟早每个人都会被波及。他说:“这只是时间的问题。这也是为什么这场疫情让许多上海人(我身边的亲友)产生了移居国外的想法。”

Jason告诉德国之声,中国政府严格防疫的手段正逐渐失去效果。他说:“我认为类似广州海珠因为封控而发生的警民暴力冲突还会不断继续,但类似昨晚的示威活动将面临更加严格的管控,很难再聚集起这么多的人。”

而同样住在上海的Emma向德国之声透露,自己周围不少人私下会说“生活很痛苦,看不到希望”,而这样的情形是一年前在中国不会有的。她说:“这就是所谓的政治性抑郁。我希望这次乌鲁木齐火灾带来的一系列示威活动,能够真正做到一些什麽,至少可以帮助一些人清领过来,让大家知道要站起来,要抗争,因为抗争有用。”

她说虽然对中国政策走向与中国的人性一向悲观,但连日来的“反清零”示威行动,让她有了不同的感受。Emma表示:“我觉得可能我们还是可以抢救一下。哪怕只有那麽一点点光,也可以照亮黑暗。”

 


   
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Protests erupt across China in unprecedented challenge to Xi Jinping's zero-Covid policy
By CNN's Beijing bureau
Updated 8:12 AM EST, Sun November 27, 2022

Beijing(CNN) Protests erupted across China on Saturday, including at universities and in Shanghai where hundreds chanted "Step down, Xi Jinping! Step down, Communist Party!" in an unprecedented show of defiance against the country's stringent and increasingly costly zero-Covid policy.

A deadly fire at an apartment block in Urumqi, the capital of the far western region of Xinjiang, which killed 10 people and injured nine on Thursday has acted as a catalyst for searing public anger, as videos emerged that seemed to suggest lockdown measures delayed firefighters from reaching the victims.

On dozens of university campuses, students held gatherings or put up posters to grieve the dead from the Xinjiang fire and speak out against zero-Covid. In several cities, residents in locked-down neighborhoods tore down barriers and took to the streets, following mass anti-lockdown protests that swept Urumqi on Friday night.

Such widespread scenes of anger and defiance -- some of which stretched well into Sunday -- are exceptionally rare in China, where the ruling Communist Party ruthlessly cracks down on all expressions of dissent. But three years into the pandemic, many people have been pushed to the brink by the government's incessant use of lockdowns, Covid tests and quarantines.

The ratcheting-up of restrictions in recent months, coupled with a series of heartbreaking deaths blamed on an over-zealous policing of the controls, has brought matters to a head.

Protests in Shanghai

The anger led to remarkable acts of defiance in the financial hub of Shanghai, where many of the city's 25 million residents hold deep rancor against zero-Covid after being subjected to a two-month lockdown in the spring.

Late on Saturday night, hundreds of residents gathered for a candlelight vigil on Urumqi Road, which was named after the city, to mourn the victims of the Xinjiang fire, according to videos widely circulated -- and promptly censored -- on Chinese social media and a witness account.

Surrounding a makeshift memorial of candles, flowers and placards, the crowd held up blank sheets of white paper -- in what is traditionally a symbolic protest against censorship -- and chanted, "Need human rights, need freedom."

Demonstrators stand by protest signs in Shanghai, China, on Saturday, Nov. 26, 2022.
Demonstrators stand by protest signs in Shanghai, China, on Saturday, Nov. 26, 2022.
In multiple videos seen by CNN, people could be heard shouting demands for China's leader Xi Jinping and the Communist Party to "step down." The crowd also chanted, "Don't want Covid test, want freedom!" and "Don't want dictatorship, want democracy!"

Some videos show people singing China's national anthem and The Internationale, a standard of the socialist movement, while holding banners protesting the country's exceptionally stringent pandemic measures.

Rows of police officers, who initially looked on from the outside, started to move in to push back and divide the crowd around 3 a.m., sparking tense face-offs with the protesters, according to a witness.

The witness told CNN they saw several people arrested and taken into a police vehicle next to the makeshift memorial after 4.30 a.m. They also saw several protesters being grabbed by the officers from the crowd and taken behind the police line. The protest gradually dispersed before dawn, the witness said.

On Sunday afternoon, hundreds of Shanghai residents returned to the site to continue protesting despite a heavy police presence and road blocks.

Videos showed hundreds of people at an intersection shouting "Release the people!" in a demand for the police to free detained demonstrators.

Crowds shouting &quot;Release the people!&quot; in Shanghai.
Crowds shouting "Release the people!" in Shanghai.

This time around, police appeared to have adopted a more hardline approach, moving faster and more aggressively to make arrests and disperse the crowds.

In one video, a man holding a bundle of chrysanthemum gave a speech while walking on a pedestrian crossing, as a police officer tried to stop him.

"We need to be braver! Am I breaking the law by holding flowers?" he asked the crowd, who shouted "No!" in reply.

"We Chinese need to be braver!" he said to the applause of the crowd. "So many of us were arrested yesterday. Are they without job or without family? We should not be afraid!"

The man put up a struggle as more than a dozen officers forced him into a police car, as the angry crowd shouted "Release him!" and rushed toward the vehicle.

Other videos show chaotic scenes of police pushing, dragging and beating protesters.

In the evening, after one protester was violently dragged away, hundreds of people shouted "triads" at the police, according to a livestream.

Police officers block Shanghai&apos;s Urumqi Road on Sunday.
Police officers block Shanghai's Urumqi Road on Sunday.
University campuses

Many of the protests have broken out on university campuses -- which are particularly politically sensitive to the Communist Party, given the history of the student-led Tiananmen Square protests in 1989.

In the early hours of Sunday morning, about 100 students gathered around a protest slogan painted on a wall at the prestigious Peking University in Beijing. A student told CNN that when he arrived at the scene at around 1 a.m., security guards were using jackets to cover the protest sign.

A security guard tries to cover a protest slogan against zero-Covid on the campus of Peking University in Beijing.
A security guard tries to cover a protest slogan against zero-Covid on the campus of Peking University in Beijing.
"Say no to lockdown, yes to freedom. No to Covid test, yes to food," read the message written in red paint, echoing the slogan of a protest that took place on a Beijing overpass in October, just days before a key Communist Party meeting at which Xi secured a third term in power.

"Open your eyes and look at the world, dynamic zero-Covid is a lie," the protest slogan at Peking University read.

The student said security guards later covered the slogan with black paint.

Students later gathered to sing the The Internationale before being dispersed by teachers and security guards.

Students at the Communication University of China, Nanjing gather in a vigil on Saturday evening to mourn the victims of the Xinjiang fire.
Students at the Communication University of China, Nanjing gather in a vigil on Saturday evening to mourn the victims of the Xinjiang fire.
In the eastern province of Jiangsu, at least dozens of students from Communication University of China, Nanjing gathered on Saturday evening to mourn those who died in the Xinjiang fire. Videos show the students holding up sheets of white paper and mobile phone flashlights.

In one video, a university official could be heard warning the students: "You will pay for what you did today."

"You too, and so will the country," a student shouted in reply.

The campus protests continued on Sunday. At Tsinghua University, another top university in Beijing, hundreds of students gathered on a square to protest against zero-Covid and censorship.

Hundreds of students at Tsinghua University in Beijing gathered on Sunday to protest against zero-Covid and censorship.
Hundreds of students at Tsinghua University in Beijing gathered on Sunday to protest against zero-Covid and censorship.
Videos and images circulating on social media show students holding up sheets of white paper and shouting: "Democracy and rule of law! Freedom of expression!"

In one video, a female student could be heard shouting to the cheers of the crowd: "From today onwards, I will no longer perform oral sex for state power!"

Ending lockdowns

In other parts of the country, residents demonstrated against lockdowns of their neighborhoods, following sweeping protests in Urumqi that forced authorities to announce a gradual easing of a lockdown that lasted for more than 100 days.

On Friday night, hundreds of Urumqi residents marched to a government building chanting "end lockdowns," with some holding the Chinese flag, according to videos circulating on Chinese social media and a Urumqi resident. Smaller protests also erupted at residential communities across the city, which saw residents breaking down lockdown barriers and quarreling with officials.

Urumqi residents demonstrate against a months-long Covid lockdown outside a government building on Friday night.
Urumqi residents demonstrate against a months-long Covid lockdown outside a government building on Friday night.
Throughout the weekend, anti-lockdown protests have rocked neighborhoods in cities from Beijing, Guangzhou and Wuhan to Lanzhou.

According to social media videos, residents at multiple residential communities in Beijing defied lockdown orders. In one compound, residents marched and chanted, "Say no to Covid tests, yes to freedom!"

In the northwestern city of Lanzhou, residents rushed out of locked down compounds on Saturday to roam free in the streets. Videos sent to CNN by a resident show some upturning a Covid workers' tent and smashing a testing booth.

Earlier this month, residents in the same neighborhood had taken to the streets to demand an answer from authorities over the death of a 3-year-old boy. He had died from gas poisoning after his father was blocked from taking him promptly to a hospital.

That area and other parts of Lanzhou have been locked down since October 1.


   
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